A scam is when users are offered something for free e.g. (free bingo, poker, lottery, slots, and/or casino spin, game currency generators) or told to install a product, but the product is fake or a rogue software. Sometimes the user will be told to complete a survey or install another program to obtain the wanted item. Some scams may install adware on the user's computer and/or infect it with viruses. An common example of scams is rogue antiviruses.
Types of scams
Gift Card Scams
Gift Card Scams are scam or phishing websites that display messages similar to "Collect 100 points to win $1000 Amazon gift card", or for other popular retailers, like Swagbucks, Starbucks, Coke, Dove, Google Play, Visa, PayPal Cash, Xbox, PSN, Steam, BJ's Restaurants, Amazon Ebay, Roblox, Bloons Monkey Money, Microsoft, Windows, or even iTunes.
All of those names are owned by the owner of Gift Card Rebel to trick users in installing virus. Other scammers own a group of twenty different female usernames, but mostly the scammers are male.
They ask for personal information to give it to spammers by asking about medical treatments, cars, cards, poker, credit, debit, and gift card numbers, check numbers, church addresses, home addresses, antiviruses (All of them give users fake options like ByteFence, Protegent, and SpySheriff. The last option is Neither.
Typosquatting are malicious websites that have URLs that are website URLs but with intentional typos to pray off of typos. The easiest ways to avoid these, is to simply pay attention to spelling.
List of typosquatted websites
- Google.com: Goggle.com, Googe.com, Foogle.com, Hoogle.com
- Youtube.com: Yotube.com, Youtibe.com, Youtybe.com, Youthbe.com
- Facebook.com: Faceboook.com, Facebok.com, Racebook.com, Dacebook.com
Human Vertification Scams
Human Verification Scams come from robots and can occur after other websites say that human verification has to be done manually. Most of these ask for confidential information like credit card numbers and end up taking the user's money on the internet. This sometimes done without the user's knowledge and nothing is given in return. This can be seen on websites with lots of advertisements.
Win free items scams
Win free items scams are scams that tricks users into believing that they can win a free item. It can be found by advertisements online, mostly sites filled with advertisements. When the user clicks on one, the scam requires the user to give their credit card information, which when done, will steal the user's credit card information.
MMO scamsMain article: MMO scams
MMO scams are types of scams, it is unknown what was the first known MMO scam.
This is when a scammer creates a false product, then creates fake news sites that claim that a popular female celebrity or TV news anchor left (or was fired) from their job because they allegedly invented this false product. The scammer then puts links to this fake news article on malvertising platforms such as Adsense, Outbrain, and Taboola. These fake news ads are displayed on millions of sites, ironically even including sites that fact-check fake news, such as Snopes, PolitiFact, and HoaxSlayer. When the CBC investigated these types of scams in October 2017, the scammers sent a box containing a tube of "skin care serum" (probably a placebo) each month, again with no way to cancel, but when this was investigated by CTV in September 2018, the scammers didn't actually send any serum; they just charged a victim's credit card monthly, making them pay for receiving nothing.
Casino fake news scam
In this scam, the scammer sets up a rigged online casino.These sites copy the layout and logos from the sites of legitimate news organizations, such as CNN, CBC, and CNN; this is called "trademark infringement", and can get the scammers in massive legal trouble. Similar to the other fake news scams, the scammer then puts links to their sites on these kinds of false articles.
Lottery fake news scam
They claim to give users unlimited chances, but this isn't always the case. They ask for credit card numbers after the victim user's numbers match. After which, they can then steal the users' money. After the user's numbers match in Fishdom, Block Puzzle, and/or Bingo, they ask for credit card numbers and steal it.
Some scammers like Swagbucks Claim to donate money to charites, this isn't the case however, as it goes to the scammer rather than a charity.