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The Linux Mascot, Tux

GNU/Linux is a Unix-based and mostly POSIX-compliment computer operating system assembled under the model of free and open-source software development and distribution with many different flavors and versions (known as "distros"), first released on October 5, 1991 by Linus Torvalds, with currently 1% of the market share, thus gives it fewer programs on the operating system. Despite not being an optimal choice for gamers, a version of Linux called "Steam OS" made by Valve Corporation was a version of Linux compatible with most Windows PC games, mostly being games on the popular program, Steam. The defining component of Linux is the Linux kernel, which is an operating system kernel. Although Linux is for the most part open-source, some proprietary software is available for it. Its death screen is the Kernel Panic.

Linux is named "Linux" because when Linus Torvalds was studying at the University of Helsinki, he was using a version of the UNIX operating system called "Minix". Linux was also originally going to be named "Freax", a portmanteau of "freak", "free", and "x".

"Red Star OS", a North Korean operating system, is also Linux based; although its current version resembles Mac OSX rather than Linux, in which previous versions resembled Windows XP.

Interfaces

Some Linux interfaces include:

  • Unity
  • Cinnamon
  • GNOME
  • Enlightenment
  • KDE Plasma
  • LXDE
  • LXQt
  • MATE
  • Pantheon
  • Fluxbox
  • Sugar
  • Trinity
  • Xfce
  • i3-gaps

Malware on Linux

Ubuntu 15.10 with Firefox and Nautilus open

Another Screenshot of Ubuntu

Due to its relatively low market share over the years and extra security added, there is not as much malware written for Linux as there is for Windows. Most of the malware written for it is targeted towards websites or large business organizations due to the fact that it is a choice for some businesses and website administrators due to its free servers. Nevertheless, the misconception that Linux is completely malware-free is a tired rumor and is completely incorrect. Although there is not as much malware written for it, unlike Windows, cross-platform malware is becoming increasingly popular (since the common frameworks such as .net Framework and QT are cross-platform), and malware writers are now targeting Linux on the desktop more frequently. Android OS, which is a Linux-based phone operating system, is also one of the most targeted platforms in the world on mobile for malware, because Android is the most common operating system on mobile devices. Some malware (such as Remaiten) may even run on other architectures (such as ARM or MIPS).

Another time Linux encountered a malicous problem was on February 20, 2016, when Linux Mint was hacked and anyone who installed it would have spyware and backdoors on their computers. The hacking attack was from Sofia, Bulgaria.

References

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Most of this page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at SteamOS. The page may have contained some inaccurate or outdated information, so please edit it so it contains better information.
The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Malware Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Common Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License.
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SteamOS is a Debian-based Linux OS in development by Valve Corporation designed to be the primary operating system for the Steam Machine video game consoles. It was initially released on December 13, 2013, alongside the start of end-user beta testing of Steam Machines.

SteamOS is currently the only version of Linux designed for gaming. However, Linux has a program known as "Wine" which allows you to run Windows PC games on Linux. Despite that, the program can't run all games correctly.

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Most of this page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Linspire. The page may have contained some inaccurate or outdated information, so please edit it so it contains better information.
The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Malware Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Common Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License.
Remove this template when most of the Wikipedia content has been removed or the Wikipedia information is outnumbered by non-Wikipedia information.

Linspire, previously known as LindowsOS, was a commercial operating system based on Debian GNU/Linux and later Ubuntu. Linspire was published by Linspire, Inc. and focused on ease-of-use, targeting home PC users. The last stable release of Linspire was version 6.0, which was released in October 2007.

On July 1, 2008, Linspire stockholders elected to change the company's name to Digital Cornerstone, and all assets were acquired by Xandros.

On August 8, 2008, Andreas Typaldos, CEO of Xandros, announced that Linspire would be discontinued in favor of Xandros; Freespire would change its base code from Ubuntu to Debian; and the Linspire brand would cease to exist.

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